New Forms of Regional Co-operation in the North-eastern Europe: The Baltic Co-operation - an Issue or an Opportunity?

No.3(2002)

Abstract
From the Barents and the Baític Sea in the north, through Central Europe and the Balkans, to the Black Sea in the south a range of new regional groups and co-operation processes have emerged in Europe during 1990s, in the Northern Europe the regional co-operation initiatives now include the Council of Baltic Sea States (CBSS), Baltic council and variety of another regional co-operative frameworks, which build a new security, political and economical dimension among the three Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and within the whole Baltic Rim. Compared to NATO and EU, new regional groups in former communist Europe have received little attention. Regional organisations and regimes in Baltic countries provide important framework for addressing the growing agenda of soft security, economical and political challenges in issue areas such as democratisation, human and minority rights, economics, environment and transnational crime. Their co-operative approach plays an important role in overcoming the legacy of the Cold War, reducing the risks of military conflicts ano non-military disputes.

Keywords:
Baltic Council; Council of the Baltic Sea States; NATO- and EU-Enlargement; north-eastern Europe; regional co-operation
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