The Control of Intelligence Services in the New Democracies: The Case of the Czech Republic
This article summarizes the basic theoretical approaches to the study of intelligence and intelligence control in the new Central European democracies. The existing theories are applied to the case of intelligence transformation in the Czech Republic. The Czech intelligence came through a reform similar to that of the intelligence services in neighboring countries, but with some significant exceptions. The Czech Republic’s intelligence community consists of three organizations: the Security Information Service, the Office for Foreign Relations and Information, and the Military intelligence (Military intelligence has two relatively independent parts: Military Defense Intelligence and Military Intelligence Service). Only the Security Information Service and the Military Defense Intelligence are under the control of special parliamentary bodies, though at present there are two suggestions about a legislative reform. The article summarizes both of these suggestions, makes critical notes, and presents the author’s own suggestion on how to improve democratic control of the Czech intelligence services.
Czech republic; intelligence; democratic control